A walk around Manama and Muharraq

Of all the main Gulf cities, the Bahraini capital seems to do the best job of holding on to a sense of its own history and identity, despite the years of repression of the local Shia majority by the ruling Al Khalifa family and its supporters. There are a few glass and steel towers dotted about, but nothing on the scale of what you see in other parts of the region. That's partly due to the relative lack of oil money, which means the government has never been able to afford the sort of building sprees that have remodelled Riyadh, Doha, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. It's also because most international businesses prefer to be in those other cities so there isn't the same demand for skyscrapers.

Some photos from a trip to Bahrain in December 2015: